I suppose an easy way would be, set up simple show/hide field logic - create a Section break, positioned beneath the "Yes/No" question. Set the logic to show that section break field on "No" response. Insert the text of the "failed" message, you can style this with HTML, CSS etc as you wish.
All other fields should be hidden at this point via logic. When the user clicks "Yes", the "failed" message is hidden, all the other fields are shown (or as defined by any other logic rules) and the user can submit the form normally.
Even if at this point the user tries the submit, add at least one "required" field, so the form will fail on that basis. If the required field is hidden (because of the "No" response) the form still validates the 'required' fields as being completed, hidden or not, so the form will fail if hidden (and not complete).